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Garifuna NewsREUNIÓN COMUNITARIA GARIFUNA, NY 1/16/03 Garinet: on January 26, 2003 - "MUGAMA, Inc.: Sra. Dionisia Amaya al (718) 485 6484 - Hondureños Contra el SIDA, Inc.: Sra. Mirtha Colón al (718) 991 2233 - Coalición Garifuna USA. Inc.: Sr. Rejil Solis al (718) 451 0614"
THE ORIGIN OF THE GARIFUNA 1/16/03 Garinet: "When someone says,“I am a Garifuna,” that person is acknowledging the fact that she/he has Carib, Arawak and African blood pumping from their heart and through their veins."
Organizacion Fraternal de Negros de Honduras: Informe 4/1/03 1/4/03 GarifunaWeb: report on current status
Organizacion Fraternal de Negros de Honduras: Perfil 4/1/03 1/4/03 GarifunaWeb: report on current projects
Belize: PUP and UDP announce Town Council candidates 12/19/02 San Pedro Sun: "Alex Jason Noralez is originally from Dangriga in the Stann Creek District. He is a teacher at San Pedro High School, married and the father of one child. Mr. Noralez is also a devoted member of the San Pedro Garifuna Council… Joseph Elijio is originally from Dangriga in the Stann Creek District but moved to San Pedro with his family when he was only a year old. He is presently the Assistant Manager of Seven Seas Resort and has held the post of President of the San Pedro Garifuna Council for the past three years. Mr. Elijio is the proud father of four children."
GARIFUNA: A LIVING HUMAN TREASURE 12/15/02 Garinet: "The recognition is beyond comprehension For those who chose, in the past, to jeer Calling negative names their Garifuna peers. The Garifuna subjected to tidal waves Of insults, rejection, oppression Resiliently emerged using the negatives As spark plugs regenerating, rejuvenating."
Tela pudiera quedarse sin playas públicas 12/8/02 Honduras News: "Entre estas playas se pueden mencionar las ubicadas al frente de la colonia Zacapa (al extremo Oeste del centro de la ciudad), las del barrio El Paraíso, las de las comunidades garífunas de San Juan, Tornabé, La Ensenada y Triunfo de la Cruz, así como muchas al extremo Este hasta pegar al cerro Punta Izopo, sin dejar de mencionar algo de común saber: que algunos empresarios hoteleros se apropiaron de grandes porciones de playas para construir sus inmuebles." The theft of Garifuna lands continues.
DECLARACIÓN DE SAN JOSE VIII ASAMBLEA DE LA ORGANIZACIÓN NEGRA CENTROAMERICANA 5, 6 Y 7 DE DICIEMBRE DE 2002 12/7/02 GarifunaWeb: "Reunidas en San Isidro de Coronado, San José, Costa Rica las organizaciones Afrocentroamericanas pertenecientes a la Organización Negra Centroamericana: Asociación Proyecto Caribe y el Centro de Mujeres Afrocostarricense de Costa Rica, OAGANIC y ADEHPCA de Nicaragua, ASOMUGAGUA y ONEGUA de Guatemala, National Garífuna Council y UBAD Educational Foundation de Belice, ODECO y ECOSALUD de Honduras, Coalición Garífuna USA, Hondureños Contra el SIDA, Mujeres Garifunas en Marcha de Estados Unidos, Respuesta Afro Panameña y Red de Mujeres Afropanameñas de Panamá, para reafirmar nuestra determinación y verdadera convicción de ser los actores de nuestros procesos de desarrollo, haciendo uso de nuestro pleno derecho como ciudadanos de los distintos países de la región y en la diáspora africana.Por lo tanto acordamos:"
Life, Liberty and the Pursue of Garifunaness 12/7/02 Garinet: "I have a Dream that one day, NGC, WGO, OAGANIC, ODECO and the Garifuna Coalition will one day join hands and march down Emperor's Avenue as the Garifuna Nation declare victory in reclaiming their home, language and culture."
Barranco community fights disease, indifference and a new airport 12/2/02 Honduras This Week: "In addition to Hurricane Mitch, the community was hit with the destruction of their principal crop—coconuts. One farmer said she used to bring 500 coconuts twice a week to sell in Trujillo. Due to Lethal Yellowing Disease which has killed most of the Honduran coconut trees, no coconuts at all are produced in Barranco now. The farmers do not produce enough either to rebuild their houses nor to pay transportation to the area. Due to the help of several NGO’s including the Garifuna Emergency Committee (Comité de Emergencia Garífuna de Honduras), the environmental organization responsible for the nearby Guaymoreto Lagoon FUCAGUA, the Catholic church’s social arm CARITAS, and CIDH (Independent Center for the Development of Honduras) the agriculture is slowly returning to Barranco. Thirty five families are working in the area, traveling from the town of Trujillo. FHIS (The Honduran Fund for Social Investment, a government agency) has provided funding for local residents to build an eco-tourism project in the area."
Stranded in Paradise - Shipwrecked Hundreds of Years Ago, the Garifuna Are Still Trying to Find Their Way 12/2/02 Washington Post: "There was a time when the Garifuna lived off the land and the sea. But now, they say, the land is eroding and the sea is dying. There was a time, says 64-year-old Hilario Bernadez Callatano, when a fisherman could stand on the edge of the sea, bend over and scoop up handful upon handful of wiggling crabs. A man could feed his family, have a little dignity. Now, tourism is replacing farming and fishing, and parsing the Garifuna into three distinct groups: the old guard, like fisherman-musician Bernadez, who struggle to survive off the land; the new guard, like Paulina Rodriguez, a 33-year-old who ekes out a living braiding hair for the European and Israeli tourists; and those who leave to seek their fortune elsewhere."
Honduras: COMUNICADO PUBLICO, Sambo Creek 11/21/02 GarifunaWeb: "La Organización Fraternal Negra Hondureña, Ofraneh, denuncia ante la opinión publica la caótica impartición de Justicia por parte del Estado Hondureño, el que de forma racista y arbitraria procedió el pasado miércoles 13, a desalojar a nuestros hermanos Garífunas de Sambo Creek, los que habían recuperado un terreno usurpado por los herederos del abogado Miguel Ángel Castillo. La celeridad con que actuó el Juzgado y la parcialidad demostrada por el Ministerio Publico, denota racismo de parte del aparato judicial además de la venalidad con que actúan sus miembros, los cuales procedieron al desalojo sin haber escuchado los argumentos que presentaron los miembros del Patronato de la comunidad y su Comité de Defensa de Tierras, y sin haber consultado al INA, la autoridad en materia de tierras."
Honduras: Garífunas, el pueblo olvidado 11/20/02 La Prensa, Honduras: "El 12 de abril de 1797 llegaron a Punta Gorda, Roatán, 5080 garífunas desde la Isla de San Vicente. Ellos venían como prisioneros de guerra después de combatir contra ingleses y franceses por cerca de 40 años. Una vez establecidos en Roatán iniciaron negociaciones con los españoles en Trujillo y se ubicaron en tierras continentales, estableciendo comunidades a lo largo de la costa Atlántica, inclusive Guatemala, Belice y Nicaragua. Con la Reforma Liberal, desde finales del siglo XIX hasta mediados del siglo XX, llegaron a Honduras nuevos contingentes afrocaribeños, principalmente de Jamaica, Haití y Trinidad y Tobago, para ser empleados en la construcción del ferrocarril interoceánico y en las plantaciones bananeras de las transnacionales. El mestizaje iniciado desde el siglo XVI, supone que aproximadamente el 80 por ciento de la población hondureña tiene sangre africana. Actualmente habitan en 36 comunidades a lo largo de la costa."
Bicentenario del pueblo garífuna se está celebrando en Izabal 11/19/02 La Hora, Guatemala: "Para quienes hemos tenido la oportunidad de convivir con el pueblo garífuna, es de mucha satisfacción que la organización negra guatemalteca ONEGUA esté organizando una serie de actividades académicas, culturales y deportivas del 7 al 26 de noviembre, realizando eventos de gran importancia para esta magna celebración. Puerto Barrios "La Tierra de Dios" ha sido siempre un lugar de comercio y turismo; en ese bello paraje porteño se encuentra una gran mayoría de la raza garífuna que se asienta principalmente en el barrio El Rastro."
Honduras: Denuncia Publica de la Problematica de la Tierra Garifuna en Honduras 11/18/02 GarifunaWeb: "Ante la poca voluntad de la justicia Hondureña, en hacer prevalecer los derechos ancestrales del pueblo Garifuna, nos veremos obligados desde este momento a interponer una denuncia junto con OFRANEH, ante la Comisión Interamericana de los Derechos Humanos de la OEA y otras organizaciones de los Estados Unidos."
Honduras: OFRANEH INFORMA SOBRE REPRESION 11/9/02 Garinet: "Yo Juan Martinez, mayor de edad, oriundo de la comunidad de Triunfo de la Cruz en el Departmento de Atlántida, Republica de Honduras Centro America, miembro del Comité de Defenza de Tierras Triunfeñas (CODETT), presidente del "Isery Ondarun" (Nueva Organizacion en Garifuna) y miembro de la Junta Directiva Nacional de la "Organizacion Fraternal Negra de Honduras" (OFRANEH) en mi nombre y de mis compañeros informo a mi pueblo y al mundo lo siguiente, ruego a todos diseminar ampliamente esta infomacion. Denuncio la detencion e injusto encarcelamiento de tres de nuestros dirigentes comunitarios."
Police Attack Garifuna leaders in Honduras 11/9/02 Garinet: "Coming on the heels of an arson in Vallecito, a police attack on a national march, and the government's filing charges against 35 community leaders, there is more news of repression against the Afro-Honduran Garifuna. In Triunfo de la Cruz, 3 Garifuna leaders were actually arrested and thrown in prison November 3, over a land conflict. It regards 3 actes of land which fall inside the land which belongs officially and traditionally to the community of Triunfo. The official Community Title was awarded by INA, (National Agrarian Institute) the relevant government body, in 1992, encompassing 380 acres. Six years ago, the municipality of Tela (nearby larger city) sold those 5 acres to the "Asociacion de Pueblos Franciscanos de Muchachos," APUFRAM, (Association of Franciscan Boys Towns) who planned to build a high school. In the document, it is explicit stated that they must build a school within 2 years or lose their right to the land."
Garifuna Settlement and Migration Patterns 11/4/02 Garifuna Empowerment Movement: Whereas Honduras this week had a Garifuna population based on the Honduran census at 50,000, this has it as 126,000 in 1999. "Based on research carried out in 1981/82, Palacio estimates that there were between 4,000 and 10,000 Garifuna living in Los Angeles (Palacio 1992) but more recent estimates put that number around 25,000 (O'Conner 1998). My conservative estimate of the Los Angeles Garifuna population is somewhere between 10,000 and 20,000 with the vast majority living predominantly in South Central Los Angeles."
Ethnic diversity in Honduras, 7.2 percent indigenous 11/4/02 Honduras This Week: See census table. Out of a total population of 6,535,000, this has 49,952 Garifuna. "It the last Housing and Population Census this ethnicity was captured in question number five, “What ethnic group do you belong to?” The population that participated responded in accordance to their feelings of identity with the different groups. See table. We can observe that the majority (92.8%) of the population did not identify itself with any of the ethnic groups. But of those that did, 63.5% claimed to be Lenca. In as much as education is concerned, the illiteracy rate for the Garífuna ethnic group was 9%, but only 4 percent for the English Afro-Caribbeans (Bay Islands); the remaining groups have an illiteracy rate much higher than the national 20 percent. Population structure also varies among the different groups, the Miskito and the Tolupan groups have the largest youth population, while the Garifuna and the Tolupan groups have the largest groups of older people."
NEW YORINAGU RESPONDS TO ERIKA IN A BENEFIT CONCERT 10/21/02 Garinet: "The event was a benefit fundraise to aid Erika Ramirez who was stripped off her royalties by the Honduran beauty pageant organization and its coordinator, Eduardo Zablah."
Politizacion del sistema judicial en Honduras 10/2/02 GarifunaWeb: "Así las cosas el Poder Judicial se maneja como si se tratara de una hacienda cuyos capacates llamados jueces y magistrados responden a los intereses del partido o de los dirigentes que les consiguió la “chamba”.
Did Racism Beat Ms. Honduras? 9/29/02 Seeing Black: "So in late September 2002, she stood up before New York-based reporters to speak out against the national director of the Ms. Honduras Universe pageant, Eduardo Zablah. Zablah, Ramírez claims, signed a contract with her on Oct. 16, 2001 which promised her a college scholarship, jewelry, endorsements and a cash prize—all as payment for representing Honduras on the international stage. Ramírez was then flown to the United States, St. Martin, and other locales to promote Honduran beauty. But other than a promotional ring, she has not received any of the prizes that go along with winning the Ms. Honduras Universe contest."
Garifuna protest environmental destruction in Iriona, Colon 7/29/02 Honduras This Week: "In a public denouncement made July 25, Garifuna organizations are strongly protesting environmental destruction of watersheds caused by the construction of a road in the Municipality of Iriona in the Department of Colon. According to said documents, the road between Sico-Ciriboya was illegally built using Soptravi (Secretary of Public Works) machinery in the year 2000 despite numerous formal protests to pertinent government authorities —the National Forestry Agency - COHDEDOR, the Ethnic District Attorney’s Office, the Department of Protected Areas -PROBAP, and the Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources - SERNA— by local authorities, patronatos and other community organizations; and without an environmental impact study having been realized. Construction and the now existing road has contaminated the Los Naranjos River watershed which supplies five Garifuna communities with water that since 2000 has been laden with sedimentation, unfit for human consumption."
Garifuna music/dance film available on Internet 7/15/02 Honduras This Week: scroll down for this listing
GARIFUNA PROTEST 7/7/02 Resource Center of the Americas: "On July 7, representatives of the Garifuna ethnic group protested in Tegucigalpa against a proposed constitutional change that would allow foreigners to buy land on the Atlantic Coast. “The land is our mother, and mother is not for sale,” the protesters chanted. Congress suspended debate and agreed to meet with Garifuna representatives to discuss an alternative plan that would protect their rights to the land they have occupied for 200 years."
DECLARACION DE LA CEIBA 4/26/02 Garinet: "Bañada por las aguas del mar Caribe, en la franja centroamericana, la Ciudad Hondureña de La Ceiba se convirtió en escenario del PRIMER SEMINARIO REGIONAL SOBRE AFRODESCENDIENTES EN LAS AMÉRICAS, los días, 21, 22, 23 y 24 de Marzo de 2002, organizado por la Oficina de la Alta Comisionada de Derechos Humanos y el Grupo de Trabajo de Minorías y la Organización de Desarrollo Étnico Comunitario ODECO."
PROBLEMÁTICA TIERRA COMUNIDADES GARIFUNAS 4/22/02 Garinet: recent history of land title issues in Garifuna communities of Honduras.
Garifuna Street Festival in LA 2002 4/13/02 GEM in Action: "The keynote speaker Dr. Jocelyn Palacio-Cayetano explained to the crowd the meaning of April 12, 1797. She told the crowd it represented the last time the Garinagu was together as one, before being exile from Yurumein to Central America."
205 AÑOS DE PRESENCIA GARIFUNA EN HONDURAS 4/12/02 Garinet: history from ODECO
INA no tiene nada que ver en la venta de las playas de Perú dice su director 2/9/02 La Prensa: "Garífunas. Gregoria Flores, de la coordinadora de la Organización Fraternal de Negra de Honduras, Ofraneh, pidió a las autoridades del INA recuperar esas tierras y, además, evitar que sigan quitándoles las propiedades a los garífunas. Flores dijo que se reunieron con el director del INA para denunciar la usurpación de las tierras de las comunidades establecidas en las playas, en cuenta las de Perú."
Honduras looks to develop northern coast; Garifuna fight to keep beaches 1/2/02 ENN: "A disease has killed most of the palm trees along the coast, robbing residents of one of their main food sources -- coconuts -- while Hurricane Mitch in 1998 forced many fishermen to sail hours out of their way to find their catch. "There are no highways, and they are deforesting the land," Lored said, arriving for a meeting to organize residents against encroaching tourism. At the same time, Garifuna leaders say, residents are coming under increasing pressure to sell their land to developers. In the coastal village of Triunfo de la Cruz, 190 miles north of Tegucigalpa, the capital, a few residents sold a yucca field because they didn't know they had the right to say no, community leader Edgardo Benedeth said. "They think that if they don't sell the land, it will be stolen" and they won't receive any money, he said. Once other villagers discovered what had happened, the yucca field was already being plowed under and construction had begun on seven luxury vacation homes, complete with swimming pools and two-story picture windows. The community is fighting the construction in court and trying to educate residents about their property rights. But that development is just the beginning. Small hotels and restaurants are sprouting up nearby, and Honduran officials are searching for foreign investors for a multimillion-dollar resort located in the swamps next to the Garifuna village of Tornabe, 12 miles to the west. A similar resort is being planned 100 miles to the east, amid several Garifuna villages. "We have hundreds of kilometers (miles) of beaches that aren't developed, and it's a waste," Tourism Secretary Ana Abarca said in Tegucigalpa. "We want strong tourism. We are going after the sun and the beach."
Garifuna: To Protect Ancestral Lands 1/1/02 JusticiaHN: "Under an international agreement signed by the Honduran government, indigenous groups such as the Garifunas have a legal right to their ancestral lands. However, as is often the case, getting the government to comply with this agreement is always a struggle, partially because of opposition from wealthy and powerful people with interests in the area and also perhaps due to a general disinterest in the situation of these indigenous groups, often the victims of great prejudice and racism."
REPORT Nº 124/01 - CASE 12.387 - ALFREDO LÓPEZ ALVAREZ - HONDURAS 12/3/01 Inter American Commission on Human Rights: "On December 13, 2000, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (hereafter “the Commission” or “IACHR”), received a petition submitted by the Organización Fraternal Negra Hondureña, OFRANEH [“Honduran Black People’s Fraternal Organization”], represented by its president Mrs. Gregoria Flores (hereafter “the Petitioner”], on behalf of Mr. Alfredo López Alvarez, a Honduran citizen of Garífuna descent (hereafter “the victim”), against the Republic of Honduras (hereafter “the Honduran State”, “Honduras”, or “the State”). The petition declares that the victim is a recognized Garífuna leader, a defender of his people’s human rights, that in this context he was arrested on April 27, 1997, and accused of a crime that he did not commit, that he has been held until this date in preventive detention, and that his case is still at the indictment stage. The violations denounced relate to alleged irregularities committed by the justice authorities during the criminal proceedings undertaken against the victim, involving trial for the crime of possession of and trafficking in narcotics, whereby the Honduran State violated the right to due process, to judicial guarantees and to the right of equality before the law, enshrined in the American Convention on Human Rights (hereafter “the Convention” or “the American Convention”)."
GARÍFUNAS CELEBRAN ANIVERSARIO DE SU LLEGADA AL PAÍS 11/26/01 Guatemala: "La comunidad garífuna celebra este día que hace 199 años llegó a Guatemala. Los casi 8 mil miembros de esa etnia que viven en Livingston, Izabal, conmemoran su día con actividades como bailes, exposiciones, ceremonias y encuentros deportivos."
Garifuna community delivers for homeland 4/16/01 Bronx Beat: "Ventura, 45, is one of more than 50,000 Garinagu living in New York – the majority live in the borough. The Garifuna people gained public attention in 1990 when a fire at the Happy Land Social Club in the borough killed 87 people, many from this ethnic group. The shipments from the borough’s Garifuna people became more critical in 1998 after Hurricane Mitch devastated Garifuna communities in Honduras. Ventura and others said the 100,000 Garifuna people in Honduras are marginalized by the government because of their heritage and skin color. The Garinagu -- who speak Garifuna and Spanish -- have retained a language and traditions inherited from their African and Indian ancestors. They descended from West African captives shipwrecked off the coast of St. Vincent Island in the 17th century in a slave ship en route to Brazil. They intermarried with Carib-Arawak indigenous groups."
Deadly Import: TB Returns, AIDS Spreads 1/1/01 Columbia University: "Just as tuberculosis is invading Corona, parts of the South Bronx are trying to cope with an alarming increase in AIDS deaths among the Garifuna, black Central Americans, the majority of whom are from Honduras. The rate of AIDS among Latin Americans, Caribbeans and Africans is high, but Mirtha Colon, the president of Hondurans Against AIDS, a not-for-profit, grassroots organization begun in 1992, said that among the Garifuna, the rate is disproportionately high. She said the neighborhoods of Mott Haven, Morrisania, Tremont and Crotona—where most Garifuna settle in New York—mirror parts of Honduras, where an epidemic is ravishing the nation. She said she believes the problem is getting worse. Colon, who presented a lecture on AIDS among the Garifuna in the South Bronx before the Centers for Disease Control on March 21, said: "We see people dying every day. There is an epidemic in our communities."
Continental Summit on Development of Afro-American Communities and Populations, 11/1/00 GarifunaWeb
Cumbre Continental ONECA 11/1/00 GarifunaWeb
The U.S. Agency For International Development (U.S.A.I.D.) Launches An Attack Against The Peace And Security Of The Garifuna People In Honduras 6/2/00 OFRANEH: According to informed sources this article may be as much as 4 years old but relates to the recent jailing of OFRANEH Garifuna leaders. "The representatives of the USAID in the city of Tegucigalpa have been extensively informed, on various occasions, about the cultural, health-related and environmental risks which the construction of such a project would entail for the Garifuna people. In addition, USAID's representatives have ignored the report issued by the Department of Natural Resources and the environment, in which the construction of the sewage treatment plants was deemed not viable since the project does not offer the appropriate development conditions due to the fact that the treatment plants will be built just a few meters from the housing and would adversely affect the health of the Garifuna inhabitants." Hondurans reported yesterday that OFRANEH (Honduran Black Fraternal Organization) leaders, who are mostly Garifuna, are being sought for arrest in this land dispute.
VI ASAMBLEA GENERAL 12/1/99 GarifunaWeb
DECLARACIÓN DE "DENUNCIA" ANTE LA COMISIÓN INTERAMERICANA DE DERECHOS HUMANOS 10/27/99 GarifunaWeb
HONDURAS: GARIFUNA LEADER'S HOUSE BURNT DOWN AND SHOTS FIRED 10/20/99 Garinet: "Tragically, it appears that this struggle has entered a stage of violence, as this past week, the house of one of the Garifuna leaders was set on fire by some type of flame-thrower weapon, and then shots of an automatic weapon were fired into it. The house, which was occupied by the family including children, is in Vallecito, where Garifuna have been living and working in an agricultural cooperative for over 9 years (Nuevo Amanecer). Their land abuts the ever-expanding lands of Facusse, one of the biggest land-owners in the country, who is also a relative to the president. The members of the cooperative have long been subject to invasions of their land and threats, but this escalation into outright violence has everyone fearful of a bloodbath. There is evidence of hired killers."
The African Legacy in Guatemala: Black Guatemalans? 2/13/99 Odyssey: "I took his advice and looked up ONEGUA. I learned that it is an acronym that stands for The Organization of Black Guatemalans. The organization is a community group that provides educational and cultural support for Black Guatemalans in Livingston. ONEGUA receives no financial support from the Guatemalan government. This lack of support is not surprising considering the fact that the Garifuna were not recognized as an ethnic group until the signing of the Guatemalan peace agreement three years ago. ONEGUA was founded because the elders of the community were concerned that the younger generation would lose their Garifuna culture and traditions. The elders wanted to provide their youth with educational support to enable them to deepen their cultural understanding. In addition, the elders began providing after-school tutoring to students who sought extra help."
Garifuna sacred areas lack adequate protection 8/30/98 Honduras This Week: "Deputies of the National Congress are currently considering legislation that would change or eliminate Article 107 of the Honduran Constitution, which prohibits foreigners or foreign companies from owning land within 40 km of the coast. This article repeats the contents of a 1890s Agrarian Reform Law. This law and the Constitutional article were specially designed to stop foreign-owned banana companies from obtaining all the land near the Coast, thus possibly affecting Honduran access to fishing, ports, and prime agricultural land. The Garifunas have been organizing to fight against the change in the Constitution and also to denounce violations of their rights under Convention 169 of the International Labor Organization, which states among other things that the government shows respect for the special importance of lands or territories, according to the spiritual values of the ethnic group."
In Honduras, the Garifuna culture fights for survival 3/29/98 Seattle Times
Authentic African Culture in Honduras? Afro-Central Americans Challenge Honduran Indo-Hispanic Mestizaje 1/1/98 LASA
Recuerdan llegada de primeros negros y reclaman derechos 4/13/96 La Nacion, Costa Rica
TUANI GARIFUNA TUBA LIBURU BARANGU - THE GARIFUNA LIBRARY OF BARRANCO 1/1/89 Barranco Library: "The purpose of Tuani Garifuna Tuba Liburu is to preserve and provide in- formation on Garifuna culture, lifestyle, history and world view. It is hoped that through the library this information can be easily accessible to Garinagu and others, both lay and academic." Contains a geneology of families in Barranco Village, Belize